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Отработка лексического материала по теме: "Painting"

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Методическая разработка по теме: "Живопись" поможет обучающимся активизировать ранее изученную лексику; закрепить словосочетания и выражения при выполнении различных видов заданий.

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«Отработка лексического материала по теме: "Painting"»

I. Painters and their craft.

A fashionable/self-taught/mature artist, a portrait/landscape painter, to paint from nature/memory/imagination, to paint mythological/historical subjects, to specialize in portraiture/still-life, to portray people/emotions with moving sincerity/with restraint; to depict a person/a scene of common life/the mood of…, to render and interpret the personality of…, to reveal the person’s nature; to capture the sitter’s vitality/transient expression; to develop one’s own style of painting; to conform to the taste of the period, to break with tradition, to be advanced of one’s time, to expose the dark sides of life; to become famous overnight, to die forgotten and penniless.



II. Paintings. Genres.

An oil painting, a canvas, a water-colour/pastel picture; a sketch/study; a family/group/ceremonial/intimate portrait, a self-portrait, a shoulder-length/half-length/knee-length/full-length portrait; a landscape, a sea-scape, a genre/historical painting, a still-life, battle scenes/genre scenes/pastoral scenes, nature, a masterpiece.

Dutch/Flemish/Spanish/French/Italian; renaissance, impressionists, modern, abstract painting.



III. Composition and drawing.

In the foreground/background, in the top/bottom/lefthand corner; to arrange symmetrically/asymmetrically/in a pyramid/in a vertical format; to divide the picture space diagonally, to define the figures more sharply, to emphasize contour purposely, to be scarcely discernible, to convey a sense of space, to place the figures against the landscape, to merge into a single entity, to blend with the landscape; to highlight the sitter’s profession, to be represented standing…/sitting…/talking…, to be posed/silhouetted against an open sky/a classic pillar/the snow; to accentuate smth.





Practise reading the following words and word combinations:

like many artists – как и многие художники

truly remarkable – поистине замечательный

keenly – остро

every detail – каждая подробность

threatening silence before the storm – грозное затишье перед бурей

the sky is overcast – небо затянуто тучами

the first gust of wind – первый порыв ветра

huddling together – сгрудившиеся вместе

seeking protection from man – ища защиты у человека



Read the text and put 5 questions to it.

G. Morland. “Approaching Storm”.

George Morland (1763 – 1804) was an outstanding English artist of the 18th century and a brilliant painter of landscape. Like many artists, he turned to nature for inspiration. He had an instinctive feeling for nature. Among his pictures, “The Approaching Storm” is truly remarkable. It is, indeed, a masterpiece of world painting. Looking at the picture, you can easily understand how keenly the artist felt nature in every detail. He was able to impart a sinister atmosphere of the coming storm. You feel the threatening silence before the storm. The sky is overcast. The first gust of wind shakes the trees, the next moment it will start raining.

The artist enlivens the landscape by two horses and a dog huddling together in a little group, seeking protection from man in danger.

This landscape is a typical example of sentimental and poetic painting.



Practise reading the following words, word combinations and sentences. Learn them by heart.

In a difficulty – в затруднении

The Hermitage – Эрмитаж

You will enjoy seeing our collections – вам доставит удовольствие осмотр наших коллекций

To get a full impression – получить полное представление

Our collection of English paintings is rather small but very exquisite – наше собрание английской живописи довольно небольшое, но изысканное

Masterpieces – шедевры

I am anxious to see – мне не терпится увидеть

You won’t be disappointed – Вы не будете разочарованы



Learn the following dialogue.

A. Can I help you? I see you are in a difficulty.

B. Yes, thank you. You see, this is my first visit to the Hermitage.

A. Oh, I am sure you will enjoy seeing our collections. Only one visit is not enough. You will have to come here again and again to get a full impression of the museum.

B. Of course, I understand that. I know that the Hermitage is one of the richest art museums of the world, and I cannot hope to see everything in one day.

A. What is it you would like to see today?

B. Do you have paintings by Renaissance masters?

A. Yes, we have a fine collection of their paintings on the second floor. Just go up this staircase, then walk along the corridor and cross the hall of the 19th century masters.

B. Thank you very much. Just one more question. Where are the English paintings?

A. Our collection of English paintings is rather small but very exquisite. You will find there a number of real masterpieces of world art.

B. Yes, I’ve heard about it and I am anxious to see your collection.

A. I am sure you won’t be disappointed.

B. Thank you.

Render the contents of the dialogue in indirect speech.



Translate into English.

1. На переднем плане картины мы видим высокое дерево и развалины замка.

2. Художник оживляет пейзаж группой крестьян, возвращающихся с поля.

3. Во все времена художники обращались к природе за вдохновением.

4. Суриков считается величайшим русским художником, писавшим картины на исторические сюжеты.

5. На картине “Последний день Помпеи” Карл Брюллов изобразил извержение вулкана.

6. Гейнсборо был любимым портретистом аристократии. Его портреты – это шедевры мирового искусства.


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