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The scientific and technological progress of the 20-th century has allowed people to overcome time and distance, to cover in the twinkle of an eye the vast expanse of our planet. The whole world is open now . The limits and frontiers of the previous period have stopped to exist on business or for holiday.
Ways of travelling
It is the fastest way of travelling. Many people prefer planes as they are very quick and comfortable though quite expensive. You can cover long distances within several hours…
Though it is slower than travelling by plane, it also has its advantages. You can enjoy nice views of the countryside you pass by and not only the clouds as when you fly on a plane…
Some people like to travel by car because it’s very convenient for those holiday makers who are fond of choosing their own itinerary. There they can go as slowly or as fast as they like. They can stop when and where they want.
Travelling by ship is very romantic. Spending time on deck watching sea-gulls and the beauty of the surrounding landscapes can be most fascinating. Sea voyages are becoming more and more popular.
There are tourists who are fond of hiking. Walking a long way in the mountains or countryside is really exciting. In Britain there are a lot of footpaths for walking holidays from one end of the country to the other.
Why do people travel ?
Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. It is very useful to visit different countries and get familiar with different cultures. Now a person travels in order to see modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, to enjoy picturesque places and to discover new things, or just for a change of scene.
From the history of transport…
In the past people did not travel so much as we do today, they set sail in search of new lands and trade routes. To get from one place to another in England coaches were used in the 18 th century. In those times letters were delivered by stage coaches which belonged to rich people. The roads were so bad that stage coaches rode only four miles an hour. In 1784 John Palmer organized fast coaches which, guarded by soldiers, ran along the main roads. Along the road there were five places where the coaches could change horses. The first coach ran between London and Bristol. In 1818 bicycles (the weels were made of wood) came to England from France and soon became very popular. The modern bicycle was invented later. It plays a very important role in the history of transport. We can call a bicycle the « father » of modern cars.
Goals and benefits
The best way to study geography is to travel: we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books, newspapers or see films on TV.
Travelling is indispensable for learning foreign languages. Pupils of different age groups go abroad to learn the chosen language. In all European countries there are a lot of summer schools, which are very useful. The effect is great – pupils can speak English more fluently as they don’t have a language barrier any more. They can establish contacts with people easier.
Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them. Later those photos will remind them of the happy time they have had.
To sum up
Travelling is very popular today. Going from one place to another gives a person a kind of social experience and so it is the best way to learn the world.
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