Project title: My future profession. Reported speech
Estimated length: 6 weeks
The participants: Alyona Kravtsova , Zhanel Zakaryanova…
Grade level: 11th
Time of the video: 5-10 min.
Material for the video lesson (Scenario)
S1: Good morning dear students! I’m glad to work with you!
T: Today we will speak about the topic – My future profession. And also we will learn some grammar rule - Reported speech. First of all let’s answer the questions about «My future career»:
What kind of job would you like to do?
What are your parents’ attitudes towards your choice?
Would you like to work abroad?
Would you like to be rich or famous?
What are the most important professions do you know?
T: Good job! And now, I will give the list of new vocabulary. Please, listen carefully and be ready for some exercises according this words.
tailor — портной
gardener — садовник
nurse — медсестра
scientist — учёный
painter — художник
lawyer — адвокат, юрист
librarian — библиотекарь
engineer — инженер
fitter — слесарь
turner — токарь
welder — сварщик
driver — водитель
secretary — секретарь
interpreter — переводчик
policeman — полицейский
air-hostess — стюардесса
housewife — домашняя хозяйка
soldier — солдат
builder — строитель
(Students do the exercise)
T: OK, good, And now let’s revise the rule “Reported speech”.
If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.
Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. In indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command.
Indirect speech: reporting statements
Indirect reports of statements consist of a reporting clause and a that-clause. We often omit that, especially in informal situations:
The pilot commented that the weather had been extremely bad as the plane came in to land. (The pilot’s words were: ‘The weather was extremely bad as the plane came in to land.’)
I told my wife I didn’t want a party on my 50th birthday. (that-clause without that) (or I told my wife that I didn’t want a party on my 50th birthday.)
Reporting yes-no questions and alternative questions
Indirect reports of yes-no questions and questions with or consist of a reporting clause and a reported clause introduced by if or whether. If is more common than whether. The reported clause is in statement form (subject + verb), not question form:
She asked if [S] [V]I was Scottish. (original yes-no question: ‘Are you Scottish?’)
Indirect reports of wh-questions consist of a reporting clause, and a reported clause beginning with a wh-word (who, what, when, where, why, how). We don’t use a question mark:
He asked me what I wanted.
The reported clause is in statement form (subject + verb), not question form:
She wanted to know who [S]we [V]had invited to the party.
Indirect speech: reporting commands
Indirect reports of commands consist of a reporting clause, and a reported clause beginning with a to-infinitive:
The General ordered the troops to advance. (original command: ‘Advance!’)
We also use a to-infinitive clause in indirect reports with other verbs that mean wanting or getting people to do something, for example, advise, encourage, warn:
They advised me to wait till the following day. (original statement: ‘You should wait till the following day.’)
Now let’s do the exercises:
1. Complete the questions in reported speech. Note the change of pronouns and tenses.
"What is your future profession ?" she asked.
→ She asked
"I want you to be a doctor" the mother said her daughter.
→ The mother told her daughter
"Which job do you like best?" she asked her boyfriend.
→ She asked her boyfriend
"What are the lawyer doing?" she asked.
→ She wanted to know
"Are you going to be a welder?" he asked me.
→ He wanted to know
The teacher asked, "Who wants to be the English teacher?"
→ The teacher wanted to know
"How do you know the duties of secretary?" she asked me.
→ She asked me
T: Thank you for the lesson! We hope that today’s lesson was useful for everyone! Good bye!
© 2017, Кравцова Алёна Сергеевна 262 1